Punta Prima Project (Formentera, Spain) From Trees to Ships: Timber, Cultural Interaction, and Climate in the Early Roman Empire

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会议名称:2023世界木材日研讨会暨第五届国际林联(IUFRO)林产品文化研究组讨论会
会议时间:2023年3月21日


报告嘉宾:Enrique Aragón Núñez
嘉宾简介:西班牙阿尔梅里亚大学 讲师


摘要:

The Roman Empire expanded its influences across the Mediterranean Sea by establishing a wide network of trade routes. In this system, ships and boats were essential conveyors of natural resources, manufactured products, and cultural aspects, connecting various communities and societies. Seagoing vessels represented the technological avant-garde of their times. Wood was the primary material used to build them, and timber, next to the traded goods and technological ideas, was a pillar sustaining the growth and dominance of the Roman Empire. The proposed paper is part of Punta Prima Project. The shipwreck dated to the 2nd century B.C. located off the coast of Formentera (Spain) is an object of studies on trade routes and cultural contacts, adding greatly to the material culture database, but also the knowledge about the naval architecture (the presence of hull remains was confirmed, which is not that common for the aforementioned area). What is more, the research is concerned with the methods of in situ preservation and the topic of maritime dynamics, affecting the underwater cultural heritage. Underwater archaeological sites are importantly providing the organic material for studies, including the aforementioned timber, which allows for multiple analysis, and, effectively, inferences in the matter of wood supply, shipbuilding, and climate. Modern comprehensive shipwreck studies can only be addressed with a multidisciplinary approach, that combines archaeology not only with history, but, equally importantly, with natural sciences, and pays equal attention to research and public outreach.

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