By: IWCS
Apr 28 2017

   甲马是一种古老神秘的用于民间祈福消灾祭祀活动的民间木刻版画,流行于云南各地,其中以大理白族甲马最有特色,又称为“纸符”。

  每一幅甲马都代表着一种信仰、祈求或祝福;每一幅甲马都讲述着生动、神奇的故事或传说。

  神秘的甲马,与自然崇拜、本主崇拜、民俗、宗教以及生产生活有着紧密的联系,它是一份极其珍贵的民间美术遗产,更是研究文化人类学、古代哲学思想、宗教民俗、艺术美学等诸领域的重要文化遗产。
 

  


  杨春龙,来自云南大理剑川,白族雕刻艺术家。他向我们讲述了与甲马雕刻艺术的“邂逅”,从雕刻师的角度畅谈了对甲马的收藏、对其雕刻艺术的内心感受。
 


  杨郁生, 云南剑川县人,白族版画艺术家,著有《云南甲马》一书。他曾历经云南偏僻的村落,殚精竭力地收集了近千幅濒临消失的甲马,从甲马的“历史追溯”、“宗教巡礼”、“艺术散步”等方面入手,最终完成了这本集艺术性、民俗性为一体的民间甲马研究佳作。他从民俗研究者的角度与我们分享了有关云南甲马的起源、表现形式、用途、宗教特点以及文化内涵。
 


  云南甲马,由于历史的原因,一度被当作封建迷信而禁止,但其在民间的生命力经久不衰,即便在非常时期,老百姓也从来没有停止使用它。而今,云南甲马已成为一种民间艺术、一种独特的文化现象,它是一份极其珍贵的民间民俗文化遗产,已被列入中国民间文化遗产抢救工程。
 


 

文字:赵卉
编辑:皮宁
图片:陈东明



IWCS

国际木文化学会(International Wood Culture Society)是由世界各地木材相关领域的热心人士为木文化的研究、学习和推广而组成的非营利组织。


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