森林文化之旅——景真八角亭(三)

森林文化之旅——景真八角亭(三)

Jan 12 2016

  景真八角亭旁有间寺庙,属于小乘佛教。当地居民会捐款给寺庙,一方面是希望能够获得佛祖的保佑,二方面也是提供资金给寺庙进行改建,而捐款的人名会被写在墙壁上,以资纪念。影片也介绍小乘佛教的祭拜方式,寺庙建筑以及庆典活动等。   文字:王逸宁 编辑:刘柯珍

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森林文化之旅——景真八角亭(一)

森林文化之旅——景真八角亭(一)

Jan 11 2016

  坐落在八角亭旁最大棵的就是菩提树,树旁有许多相辅相依的宗教植物。我们看到的开花树,又称“地涌金莲”,其名称取其形状似观音莲坐,属芭蕉科,又有鸡蛋花,蕨类植物等共生于其上,因此一棵菩提树就是一座植物园。   文字:王逸宁 编辑:刘柯珍  

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The social, religious and magico-cultural aspects of wood and its contributions to sustainable rural and national development in Nigeria

The social, religious and magico-cultural aspects of wood and its contributions to sustainable rural and national development in Nigeria

Dec 14 2015

活动名称:木艺木趣国际研讨会暨展览会 时间地点:2011年10月19日,印度班加罗尔J N Tata多功能礼堂 演讲嘉宾:Victor Adekunle 演讲题目:The social, religious and magico-cultural aspects of wood and its contributions to sustainable rural and national development in Nigeria  摘要:Wood is the most versatile material that has ever been known and a material that has contributed immensely to the development of nations that are richly endowed with it. Nigeria is a tropical country with good productive wood resource base (forest). This study therefore assessed the social, religious and magico-cultural roles of wood and its contributions to rural and sustainable national development. Data on religious and socio-cultural roles and other important utilization patterns were collected through questionnaire administration, discussion with key informants and observation. The data on the roles of wood for sustainable development and increasing higher-value wood, now and in future, were collected from records and literatures. This study expatiated on wood utilization from religious perspective, trees and national identity, different cultural products from wood, traditional herbal medicine, wood and fetishism, musical instruments from wood and the aesthetic products of wood. Specific wood species involved in each of the utilization patterns were identified. For other utilization patterns, wood is relied on as the only source of industrial and domestic cooking, the only source of lumber, poles, stakes, handles for farm tools, hunting tools, shelter, canoes, and household utensils. On national development and sustainable future, the study reviewed the development of wood industries in Nigeria, employment and trade in wood and wood products as sources of rural and urban income. It assessed the present status of the various large and small-scale wood industries in Nigeria and their contributions to national development. Finally, the paper proposes some recommendations on how wood use and sustainable development can be strengthened with the view of promoting higher-value wood use at the local and national levels Nigeria.  Mr. Victor Adekunle comes from Department of Forestry and Wood Technology, Federal University of Technology, Akure, NIGERIA.   编辑:陈瑶

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The inheriting and development of Hongmu culture in China

The inheriting and development of Hongmu culture in China

Dec 14 2015

活动名称:木艺木趣国际研讨会暨展览会 时间地点:2011年10月19日,印度班加罗尔J N Tata多功能礼堂 演讲嘉宾:姜笑梅 演讲题目:The inheriting and development of Hongmu culture in China 摘要:This paper introduced the Hongmu is the carrier of the Ming & Qing Furniture, viz. broad   noun of the woods for making these furniture, which bearing the weight of Chinese nation culture & element in Ming and Qing dynasty. The upsurge of the Hongmu products is rising now; it is the inheriting and development of Hongmu culture in China. The paper tries to explain the reason of most Chinese like Hongmu. Moreover, this paper deciphers the definition and taxonomy of Hongmu in up-to-date market, its source; for the sustainable utilization of Hongmu resources, Chinese government advocate cultivating precious species including Hongmu species. The paper also suggested that wood species for making Chinese classical furniture should be enlarged by applying other precious woods instead of Hongmu. Ms. Jiang Xiaomei is a professor in the Institute of Wood Industry at the Chinese Academy of Forestry. Her research interests include wood anatomy, wood properties & utilization. She has published 5 books & over 100 papers on these topics. Professor Jiang with her group provides service by wood identification for several departments of China including timber trade companies, forensic, archaeological units. She is associated with teaching, training and formulation of Chinese standards for timber usage.   编辑:陈瑶

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Bamboo as a Modern Construction Material

Bamboo as a Modern Construction Material

Dec 04 2015

活动名称:木艺木趣国际研讨会暨展览会 时间地点:2011年10月19日,印度班加罗尔J N Tata多功能礼堂 演讲嘉宾:T. P. Subramony和Nripal Adhikary 演讲题目:Bamboo as a Modern Construction Material   编辑:陈瑶

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The Wood Legacy of Kallai: lessons for the future

The Wood Legacy of Kallai: lessons for the future

Dec 03 2015

活动名称:木艺木趣国际研讨会暨展览会 时间地点:2011年10月19日,印度班加罗尔J N Tata多功能礼堂 演讲嘉宾:Kunhamu, T.K. 演讲题目:The Wood Legacy of Kallai: lessons for the future 摘要:The Malabar region of Kerala enjoyed a prominent place in international wood trade from time immemorial. The fertile river deltas and floristic richness of the Western Ghat make the region the land of innumerable tree species of economic and ecological significance. Among the timber trade centers in Malabar, Kallai, in Calicut, stood out as one of the pioneer and premier centers of wood trade that dates back beyond the era of the Zamorins. Kallai, once the "hub of timber market" in south Asia, dictated international timber prices for several decades. The period 1950-70 was the golden period of Kallai. Bountiful supply of good quality structural timbers such as teak, rose wood, and karimaruthu (Terminalia tomentosa) from private and government forests and cheaper transport through the Chaliyar river and heavy wood demand in the national and international market lead to the proliferation of saw mills during this time. It is reported that almost 150 large and small saw mills operated along the banks of Kallai river during this period. Many factors contributed to the legacy of Kallai as an acclaimed wood trade centre. The demand for specific wood products such as long teakwood planks of specific sizes for the manufacture and repair of large country boats (used by the royal navy) was a major international influence. The teak wood from the nearby Nilambur had high demand in the international market owing to its golden brown colour, strength and durability. In addition, the wood for making railway sleepers in southern India was delivered through Kallai. Kallai was supplying wood raw materials for the packing case industry that flourished in Tamil Nadu and Andhrapradesh during the eighties. The glory of Kallai faded in the late 70‘s primarily on account of the acute dearth for wood raw materials. Enactment of Land Ceiling Act, vesting and assignment of private forests and increased governmental control on the felling of trees were some of the factors that lead to the shortage of quality timber trees. The scarcity of high quality timber species led to a shift towards the use of second quality timber species such as Terminalia bellerica (Thanni)- for small timber use in Tamil Nadu, mango- for plywood and packing case, ben teak for lorry body building, Artocarpus hirsutus (Anjili) for country boat construction etc. The wood trade history of Calicut is best known for its royal and elegant country boats known as "Uru" constructed at Beypore, a small coastal town near Calicut. "Uru" built by the traditional shipbuilders known as Khalasis has a centuries old tradition. The uru made from Beypore had high demand in the Middle East and Europe for its exceptional design and stability. However, the Uru trade faced serious setbacks since the mid eighties. The acute scarcity of quality timbers such as teak, karimaruthu, rose wood (Dalbergia latifolia), and pali (Palaquium elipticum) was the major factor for this. Yet another reason was the non availability of wooden spares for the repair and maintenance of urus at the traded countries, primarily due to the stringent government policy on the export and import of wood. Despite this, there is now resurgence in uru manufacture primarily on account of its utility in the tourism sector. This article critically analyses the reasons for the rise and fall of Kallai as a premier wood trade centre and tries to draw lessons on diversification of wood products as well as enhancing the wood availability from areas outside conventional forests areas etc. 关键词:wood trade- structural timbers- uru (country boat)- Beypore- Kerala Kunhamu, T.K, College of Forestry, Kerala Agricultural University (PO), Thrissur – 680 656, Kerala, India   编辑:陈瑶

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Understanding historical wood utilization - Ideas for the future?

Understanding historical wood utilization - Ideas for the future?

Dec 03 2015

活动名称:木艺木趣国际研讨会暨展览会 时间地点:2011年10月19日,印度班加罗尔J N Tata多功能礼堂 演讲嘉宾:Michael Grabner 演讲题目:Understanding historical wood utilization - Ideas for the future? 摘要:Much of the knowledge of the utilization and the properties of wood as raw material began to get lost with the onset of the industrialisation. As a result old traditions of handicraft-men –important intangible cultural properties – are disappearing nowadays. This loss of knowledge was described for the first time at the beginning of the 20th century by a folklorist (Blau 1917) working in Bohemia. He mentioned that this knowledge starts to retreat to higher altitudes of forest lands, where the forests are the main focus of life. Blau (1917) described, that within a single farming house 12 different wood species were found in Carinthia and even 27 in Bohemia. These findings underline the high diversity of wood utilization in former times. By studying old books the description of properties and applications of various wood species can be found. The reasons for the selection of a species are usually not given. To bridge this gap of knowledge, we started to study historical wood utilization at collections of wooden artefacts like buildings, tools, machines, household appliances, furniture and so on. The aim is to set up a database of wooden goods where a description of the artefact itself, its geographic region, age and the wood species are linked. Groups of related applications mainly defined by different requirements are formed. These requirements can be directly linked to wood properties. First results show, that within the small region of the mountain Schneeberg, 32 different wood species including nine shrubs (mainly for highly specialised products as the rungs of a ladder) were in use. Understanding historical wood utilization will help to use our forests more efficiently – primarily in times of shortage of wood as raw material. 关键词:Historical wood utilization, wood quality, wood identification Michael Grabner, University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, BOKU Vienna, Peter Jordan Strasse 82, A-1190 Vienna, Austria.   编辑:陈瑶

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The treasure of special stem assortments - Lost knowledge of the past

The treasure of special stem assortments - Lost knowledge of the past

Dec 03 2015

活动名称:木艺木趣国际研讨会暨展览会 时间地点:2011年10月19日,印度班加罗尔J N Tata多功能礼堂 演讲嘉宾:Andrea Klein 演讲题目:The treasure of special stem assortments - lost knowledge of the past 摘要:In former times, there was a huge knowledge of the advantage and proper usage of "abnormal" growth patterns and the utilization of all parts of the tree. People of numerous crafts were ambitiously searching for curved and bended tree stems, branch-stem junctions of specific angles and root-stem junctions. They were aware of the disadvantages and the loss of strength by cutting out or bending wood for curved timber used in shipbuilding or in many other woodworks. The stiffness of branch-stem junctions for handles or other tools will never be reached by any other manmade wood junction. The high tensile strength one may want to achieve for curved designs will nowhere be higher than by using root-stem junctions. This used to be general knowledge since early times. Even Bronze Age tool handles were made out of branch-stem junctions. In Hallstatt, Austria, it was evident, that people working in the salt mines were carefully selecting the trees where the tool handles were cut out. Due to the process of industrialization and the wish for standardization and fast processing, hardly any wood deviating from a more or less straight design is used any more. This means, that just a small amount of the mechanical potential is used by humans. This might furthermore lead to a replacement of wood. It is important to realize that there is a specific application for every habitus, for every part of a tree and for every tree species. Being aware of this, you will get out the highest performance of wood for every application.   编辑:陈瑶

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木材的四维空间

木材的四维空间

Dec 03 2015

活动名称:木艺木趣国际研讨会暨展览会 时间地点:2011年10月19日,印度班加罗尔J N Tata多功能礼堂 演讲嘉宾:V Ramakrishnan 演讲题目:木材的四维空间   Ramakrishnan先生毕业于位于清奈的印度理工学院航空专业,他拥有并任职于自己的公司——Ramu机械有限公司(位于班加罗尔),同时还担任德国豪迈集团印度公司的董事长。Ramakrishnan先生十分多才多艺,并在木材利方面拥有丰富的经验,他将在会上和大家分享木材的四维空间的概念。    编辑:陈瑶

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